Unemployment Due to COVID-19 Drives the Need for Medicaid Expansion

 

Medicaid is a program initiated by the federal government in 1965 to provide health insurance for adults with low incomes, children, pregnant women, the elderly, and people with disabilities. While this program was started by the federal government, individual states bear the responsibility of making sure insurance through Medicaid is provided for eligible populations. Recently, in 2010, with the passing of the Affordable Care Act, states can expand the criteria for eligibility for Medicaid. Many states have expanded the criteria for Medicaid, but Florida has not yet.

 

Currently in Florida, in order to be eligible for Medicaid, a family of three has to be making less than $7,000 a year. This is about 30% below the Federal Poverty Level. Adults who do not have children do not qualify for Medicaid regardless of their income. Because of this, a large coverage gap has been created in Florida. The coverage gap exists among those who do not qualify for Medicaid but also cannot afford to pay for insurance by themselves. This gap leaves around 400,000 people in Florida without insurance. In total, 13% of Florida’s population is uninsured, putting Florida fourth in the nation for most uninsured people. Many communities can benefit from Medicaid expansion:

  • Low wage workers

  • Those who have lost their jobs

  • The growing elderly population

  • Those with disabilities

  • Florida’s significant immigrant population

  • Minority communities and

  • Those with preexisting conditions

The current coverage gap is only exacerbated by the current COVID-19 crisis. Since the coronavirus started spreading in the United States, millions of people have lost their jobs and their way of life. In the United States around 38 million jobless claims were filed since the crisis has started. Florida’s own unemployment claims are at a historic high due to the COVID-19 crisis. This loss of jobs is hitting some industries harder than others. Hourly wage workers are those most likely to lost their jobs during this time. Those who work for the transportation, hospitality, and restaurant and food industries are more likely to be hit with job losses than those in other sectors of the economy. Many are relying on funds from unemployment benefits to help pay for things like rent and other bills. Filing for unemployment can be especially tough for those in Florida because of lack of funds and the possibility that filing will have to be through paper methods instead of online. This can add time for applications to be approved and benefits received.

 

With the loss of jobs, many can lose their health insurance coverage or can no longer be able to afford health insurance in order to pay for other necessities. There is an overlap between the population that is currently experiencing unemployment and the population that will benefit from Medicaid expansion. This is the same population that will increase the health insurance coverage gap. If Medicaid is expanded, there is the potential to provide health insurance to thousands who otherwise would have to pay out of pocket for routine health visits.

 

Those hit hardest by COVID-19 are struggling to make ends meet and may experience financial crises should they have to pay health related expenses. The industries hit hardest by the coronavirus in Florida regarding job losses also overlap with the population that meets the requirement for Medicaid expansion, those who would get proper health insurance if Medicaid criteria is expanded in Florida:

  • Food preparation and Service – 13.1% of working adults eligible for Medicaid expansion

  • Sales – 13.0% of working adults eligible for Medicaid expansion

  • Cleaning and Maintenance – 12.3% of working adults eligible for Medicaid expansion

  • Construction – 10.6% of working adults eligible for Medicaid expansion

  • Transportation – 9.4% of working adults eligible for Medicaid expansion

The economic impact of coronavirus is expected to last far longer than state lockdowns and social distancing practices. By increasing Medicaid coverage and having more people be eligible for Medicaid, the state of Florida can avoid going into a larger economic crisis by ensuring that people have health insurance. When people have health insurance, they are able to get the care they need when they are sick and able to pay for other necessities such as bills.

 

Resources:

Lyons D. (2020). 223,927 file new unemployment claims in Florida, Trump resort permanently cuts furloughed workers. The Sun Sentinel. Retrieved from: https://www.sun-sentinel.com/coronavirus/fl-ne-coronavirus-florida-unemployment-claims-week-may-16-20200521-4m67zkmhrfdpjlnurqwo6g6tve-story.html

 

Mazzei P and Tavernise S. (2020). “Florida is a terrible state to be an unemployed person.” The New York Times. Retrieved from: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/23/us/florida-coronavirus-unemployment.html

 

Medicaid. (2020). Retrieved from: https://www.medicaid.gov/medicaid/index.html

 

Medicaid Expansion for Florida. (2020). Retrieved from: https://www.medicaidmattersflorida.org

 

Swerlick A. (2020). Uninsured during the COVID-19 pandemic: The urgent need to build on Florida’s Medicaid program. Florida Policy Institute. Retrieved from: https://www.floridapolicy.org/posts/uninsured-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-the-urgent-need-to-build-on-floridas-medicaid-program?mc_cid=8736e08ae2&mc_eid=6cb16947ac

 

The Coronavirus Outbreak. (2020). The New York Times. Retrieved from: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/21/business/stock-market-today-coronavirus.html?campaign_id=60&emc=edit_na_20200521&instance_id=0&nl=breaking-news&ref=cta&regi_id=123067357&segment_id=28690&user_id=1dd06d92447584a199661e6cad5f3b55

 

Weissfeld J and Ruff E. (2020). Florida’s legistlature must expand Medicaid now to protect workers. Families USA: The Voice for Health Care Consumers. Retrieved from: https://familiesusa.org/resources/floridas-legislature-must-expand-medicaid-now-to-protect-workers/

 

 

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